Archetypes can be thought as blueprints or as bundles of psychic energy that influence the manner in which we understand and react to life. There are two different categories of archetypes; the plot archetype and the character archetype. The orphan, martyr, wanderer, warrior, magician, villain, wise child, temptress, rebel, underdog, fool, saint, virgin, wise, old man or woman are all considered to be character archetypes. Call to adventure, isolation, quest and monster that turns against its creator are all considered to be plot archetypes.
The characters in the novel reflect the struggle against societal control. The monster, in particular, is an outcast from society, and the reader is able to empathize with his subsequent rage at being ostracized. Nature and science, opposing forces during this time period, are important themes shaping the novel.
Some literary critics suggest that nature and physiology, specifically anatomy and reproduction, are linked in literature. Irregularities in the human standard were therefore viewed as unacceptable by society, and through an innate reaction, these differences were rejected.
Shelley employs many stylistic techniques in Frankenstein. In addition, Shelley uses dialogue to provide the thoughts of other characters, such as the monster.
Also evident are characteristics of gothic horror, including a foreboding setting, violent and mysterious events, and a decaying society. Elaborating on this theory, psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan adds a pre-Oedipal stage, in which young children learn language through nonverbal communication.
This theme demonstrates the balance of the conscious and unconscious aspects of human behavior. For example, during a conversation with Victor, Walton denounces his lack of formal education, demonstrating his lack of a friend or formal teacher to lead him to enlightenment.
As the novel received increased critical attention, evaluations started to focus on its storyline and characters as a reflection of the author.
Frankenstein has been further critiqued through the lens of gender. In the novel, the feminine is not central; rather, the novel features characters who have both masculine and feminine qualities.
Furthermore, relationships between women figure in the novel, namely the relationship between Justine and Elizabeth. When Justine faces execution, the two establish a bond that begins during a brief conversation about their shared experiences.
Frankenstein revolutionized the genres of gothic literature, science fiction, and horror stories, and elevated the status of the Romantic artist. In the last decades of the twentieth century, this work reached a new status in critical evaluation.
It remains an undisputed fictional masterpiece.This revision of a widely adopted critical edition presents the text of Mary Shelley's English Romantic novel along with critical essays that introduce students to Frankenstein from contemporary psychoanalytic, Marxist, feminist, gender, and cultural studies perspectives.3/5(1).
This is a continuation of the topic Chatterbox Reads and Reads and Reads in Part the First.. This topic was continued by Chatterbox Reads and Reads and Reads in Part the Third.
Evaluation Essay: Frankenstein Critical Analysis Introduction “Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus” is a science fiction novel written by Mary Shelley. This is the story of a science student, Victor Frankenstein, who created a monster during one of his experiments.
This monster turns out to be a trouble for Victor. Frankenstein In the book Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, the two main characters, Victor and the monster have completely different personalities and the expectation of their actions are very different from what one would imagine.
After Percy Shelley was killed in a boating accident in , Mary made a living by writing critical essays, several other novels, and a travel book and editing and publishing her husband's poems. She died in London on February 1, This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.