History Of Theatre Jan 13, Greek Theater Although theaters developed in many parts of Greece, it was in Athens, where the most dramatic styles the world has known was formed. Ancient Greek theaters were built in natural open air sites on conveniently shaped hills. This allowed a great mass of people to enjoy a show at one time The Ephesus could hold 56, people Unlike later dramas, which could be endlessly duplicated, Greek manuscripts existed as a single, fragile piece.
Theatre of ancient Rome Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans. The Roman historian Livy wrote that the Romans first experienced theatre in the 4th century BC, with a performance by Etruscan actors. Although Rome had a native tradition of performance, the Hellenization of Roman culture in the 3rd century BC had a profound and energizing effect on Roman theatre and encouraged the development of Latin literature of the highest quality for the stage.
While both dramatists composed in both genresAndronicus was most appreciated for his tragedies and Naevius for his comedies; their successors tended to specialise in one or the other, which led to a separation of the subsequent development of each type of drama.
Medieval theatre As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Eastern Roman Empiretoday called the A history of fordis theatre essay Empire. While surviving evidence about Byzantine theatre is slight, existing records show that mimepantomimescenes or recitations from tragedies and comediesdancesand other entertainments were very popular.
Constantinople had two theatres that were in use as late as the 5th century. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder that lasted with a brief period of stability under the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century until the 10th century.
As such, most organized theatrical activities disappeared in Western Europe. While it seems that small nomadic bands traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience, there is no evidence that they produced anything but crude scenes.
By the Early Middle Ageschurches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of particular biblical events on specific days of the year. These dramatizations were included in order to vivify annual celebrations.
These were extensive sets of visual signs that could be used to communicate with a largely illiterate audience. These performances developed into liturgical dramasthe earliest of which is the Whom do you Seek Quem-Quaeritis Easter trope, dating from ca.
These six plays — Abraham, Callimachus, Dulcitius, Gallicanus, Paphnutius, and Sapientia — are the first known plays composed by a female dramatist and the first identifiable Western dramatic works of the post-classical era.
Hrosvitha was followed by Hildegard of Bingen d. High and late Medieval theatre, —[ edit ] Main article: Medieval theatre As the Viking invasions ceased in the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia to Italy.
Only in Muslim-occupied Spain were liturgical dramas not presented at all. Despite the large number of liturgical dramas that have survived from the period, many churches would have only performed one or two per year and a larger number never performed any at all.
The festival inverted the status of the lesser clergy and allowed them to ridicule their superiors and the routine of church life.
Sometimes plays were staged as part of the occasion and a certain amount of burlesque and comedy crept into these performances. Although comic episodes had to truly wait until the separation of drama from the liturgy, the Feast of Fools undoubtedly had a profound effect on the development of comedy in both religious and secular plays.
The Mystery of Adam gives credence to this theory as its detailed stage direction suggest that it was staged outdoors.
The importance of the High Middle Ages in the development of theatre was the economic and political changes that led to the formation of guilds and the growth of towns. This would lead to significant changes in the Late Middle Ages. In the British Islesplays were produced in some different towns during the Middle Ages.
These vernacular Mystery plays were written in cycles of a large number of plays: York 48 playsChester 24Wakefield 32 and Unknown A larger number of plays survive from France and Germany in this period and some type of religious dramas were performed in nearly every European country in the Late Middle Ages.
Many of these plays contained comedydevilsvillains and clowns. For example, at Valenciennes inmore than roles were assigned to 72 actors.
Often providing their own costumes, amateur performers in England were exclusively male, but other countries had female performers. The platform stage, which was an unidentified space and not a specific locale, allowed for abrupt changes in location. Morality plays emerged as a distinct dramatic form around and flourished until The most interesting morality play is The Castle of Perseverance which depicts mankind 's progress from birth to death.
However, the most famous morality play and perhaps best known medieval drama is Everyman. Everyman receives Death 's summons, struggles to escape and finally resigns himself to necessity.
Along the way, he is deserted by KindredGoodsand Fellowship — only Good Deeds goes with him to the grave. There were also a number of secular performances staged in the Middle Ages, the earliest of which is The Play of the Greenwood by Adam de la Halle in It contains satirical scenes and folk material such as faeries and other supernatural occurrences.
Farces also rose dramatically in popularity after the 13th century.
The majority of these plays come from France and Germany and are similar in tone and form, emphasizing sex and bodily excretions. However, farce did not appear independently in England until the 16th century with the work of John Heywood — A significant forerunner of the development of Elizabethan drama was the Chambers of Rhetoric in the Low Countries.Simmons was recently named the string division winner of the National YAMAHA Young Performing Artists competition.
He has also won top prizes at the Samuel Fordis Young Artists Competition, the Atlanta Music Club Scholarship Competition, and the Anthony Quinn Foundation Scholarship.
History of American literature / (New York: American Book Company, c), by Reuben Post Halleck (page images at HathiTrust) American literature, (Chicago Scott, Foresman and company, ), by Alphonso G. Newcomer (page images at HathiTrust). A History of the Globe Theatre.
Shortly after the 26th of February, , construction of the Globe commenced under the supervision of Peter Streete, the man with whom Philip Henslowe and Edward Alleyn contracted a year later to erect the Fortune theater along the same lines. From Streete’s building schedule for the Fortune. It was but is recognized as one of many excellent messages in American history.
Civil War Ends When Basic Robert E, April 9, was finally ended on by the Civil-War. Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Courthouse in Va. Lincoln needed the united states reduce to treat, and restore. Research Paper Topics. Note: This is a list of possible term paper topics, but you are in no way limited to choosing from among the titles below.
THE Theatre History -- Fall Semester, -- University of South Florida, Tampa Instructor: Dr for all papers you submit for this class (critiques, short papers, extra credit), you MUST. Theater has a rich and interesting history, and your students might benefit from thinking critically about it.
This lesson offers a series of essay.