Lerche III We live in a world that is simultaneously shrinking and expanding, growing closer and farther apart National borders are increasingly irrelevant. And yet globalism is by no means triumphant.
Conflict and Violence in Africa: Introduction Conflict usually occurs primarily as a result of a clash of interests in the relationship between parties, groups or states, either because they pursuing opposing or incompatible goals.
Although the term war is sometimes used as a synonym for conflict, it is more usual to restrict the meaning of war to violent conflict, involving armed forces.
But like war, conflict is and has been throughout history a normal way of conducting disputes between political groups within human society.
The s saw no diminution in the number of conflicts in Africa, and most forecasts predicted further increase. While Africa has had its share of inter-state wars, the majority of its conflicts were internal, and these internal conflicts appear to be increasing, as elsewhere.
A tragic factor in this is that the civilian populations bear the brunt of the casualties in such conflicts, estimated at some per cent of total casualties across the world.
These conflicts cause not only casualties and refugees but contribute vastly to the spread of disease, malnutrition and starvation, social and economic decline and moral deterioration.
African Conflicts and Violence There have been signs that the era of nation-states is fast fading but nowhere is this clearer than in Africa. The sort of conflicts that plagued African states is typical of those afflicting states in Eastern Europe and Asia.
Sources They could roughly be grouped as follows: State dictatorships trying to shore up ethnic autocracies are under attack by increasingly militant opposition groups encouraged by both external and internal pro-democracy and human rights organisations; Conflict of Economic Development: The economic sovereignty of African states, never strong before, is being almost terminally undermined by pressures to join regional trading blocs and the and the growth of cross-border trading networks.
This conflict also includes the crisis of production and distribution of resources and the competition arising therefrom; Conflict resulting from foreign intervention: Foreign intervention and withdrawal during and after the Cold War; and Conflict arising from the militarisation of the Society: Abundance of weaponry and trained soldiers and untrained volunteers available to any would-be warlord with resources and determination.
It is a region where the Cold War played itself out, and still deserves a lot of world attention. North Africa still grapples with Islamic Fundamentalism.
Although there are fundamentalist movements and trends in Israel, USA and India, that of North Africa, particularly Algeria, tends to defy any solution as events there have proved since Causes The causes of conflicts in Africa are many and they frequently recur, including major causes of potential tensions and conflicts, which could perhaps be summarised and classified below.
Inter-state borders Common to many conflicts is the unsatisfactory nature of inter-state borders. Nearly all these borders were inherited from colonial times, and were the product of negotiations and treaties between the colonial powers, decided in Europe with the aid of poor maps and with scant attention to African peoples.Conflicts Between Multinational Corporations and Host Countries.
Conflicts Between Multinational Corporations and Host Countries. Pages: 1 2. of new firms that make a larger real contribution to the host economy and avoid the disturbance in the market that major acquisitions typically cause.
The Cold War was a conflict among states, and served to perpetuate the primacy of national identity in world society; but in the 's the state, weakened by globalization, is less effective in either coercing compliance or integrating national society, and minorities are able to more effectively reassert their identity in reaction to.
Militarism was one of the main causes of the First World War. Increase in military control of the civilian government after , there was an increase in military influence on policy making.
This could be reflected particularly in Germany and Russia. How are states constrained by intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)? a.
States are forced to pay high membership dues c. can substantially alleviate as well as cause conflict d. is one of many equally important factors that cause conflict a. radicals praise the work of multinational corporations (MNCs) in the developing world to date. Causes of Conflict requires students to demonstrate the ability to read source material, state a position, and support that position with reasoning and evidence.
Causes of Conflict requires students to demonstrate the ability to read source material, state a position, and support that position with reasoning and evidence.