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Williams Overview Unlike many other ethnic groups in the United States, Creoles did not migrate from a native country. The term Creole was first used in the sixteenth century to identify descendants of French, Spanish, or Portuguese settlers living in the West Indies and Latin America.
There is general agreement that the term Demographics in latin america essay derives from the Portuguese word crioulo, which means a slave born in the master's household. A single definition sufficed in the early days of European colonial expansion, but as Creole populations established divergent social, political, and economic identities, the term acquired different meanings.
In the West Indies, Creole refers to a descendant of any European settler, but some people of African descent also consider themselves to be Creole. In Louisiana, it identifies French-speaking populations of French or Spanish descent.
Their ancestors were upper class whites, many of whom were plantation owners or officials during the French and Spanish colonial periods. During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, they formed a separate caste that used French.
They were Catholics, and retained the traditional cultural traits of related social groups in France, but they were the first French group to be submerged by Anglo-Americans. In the late twentieth century they largely ceased to exist as a distinct group.
Creoles of color, the descendants of free mulattos and free blacks, are another group considered Creole in Louisiana. Their dominant presence continued until when France ceded Louisiana to Spain. Despite Spanish control, French language and customs continued to prevail.
|Subscribe to NG Articles||I respect Richard immensely, but I have a problem describing as "gentrification" middle-class white people moving back to neighborhoods that were initially settled by middle-class white and black people, but that became slums after white flight in the s.|
|Students may choose one or more of the Goals for Political Life:|
|Creoles - History, The first creoles in america, Acculturation and Assimilation||The idea that a part of the Americas has a linguistic affinity with the Romance cultures as a whole can be traced back to the s, in the writing of the French Saint-Simonian Michel Chevalierwho postulated that this part of the Americas was inhabited by people of a " Latin race ", and that it could, therefore, ally itself with " Latin Europe ", ultimately overlapping the Latin Churchin a struggle with " Teutonic Europe ", " Anglo-Saxon America " and " Slavic Europe ". The Allure and Power of an Idea|
An Unfathomed Legacy," Saint-Dominque had more thanblack slaves, 40, to 45, whites, and 32, gens-decouleur libres, who were neither white nor slaves. The slave revolt not only challenged French authority, but after defeating the expeditionary corps sent by Napoleon, the leaders of the slaves established an independent country named Haiti.
Most Whites were either massacred or fled, many with their slaves, as did many mulatto freemen, many of who also owned slaves. Byover 11, refugees had settled in New Orleans.
Toussaint L'Ouverturea self-educated slave, took control of Saint-Domingue insending more refugees to the Gulf Coast. Some exiles went directly to present-day Louisiana; others went to Cuba. Of those who went to Cuba, many came to New Orleans in the early s after the Louisiana territory had been purchased by the United States Some refugees moved on to St.
Martinville, Napoleonville, and Henderson, rural areas outside New Orleans. Others traveled further north along the Mississippi waterway. In Louisiana, the term Creole came to represent children of black or racially mixed parents as well as children of French and Spanish descent with no racial mixing.
Louis began referring to themselves as Creoles after the Louisiana Purchase to set themselves apart from the Anglo-Americans who moved into the area. Today, the term Creole can be defined in a number of ways.
Louisiana historian Fred B. Its Land and People, has asserted that the term Creole "has been loosely extended to include people of mixed blood, a dialect of French, a breed of ponies, a distinctive way of cooking, a type of house, and many other things.
It is therefore no precise term and should not be defined as such. These Creoles of color became part of an elite society; in the nineteenth century they were leaders in business, agriculture, politics, and the arts, as well as slaveholders.
Nonetheless, as early as their legal status had been defined by the Code Noir Black Code.
According to Violet Harrington Bryan in The Myth of New Orleans in Literature, Dialogues of Race and Gender, they could own slaves, hold real estate, and be recognized in the courts, but they could not vote, marry white persons, and had to designate themselves as f.
Dominguez in White By Definition, much of the written record of Creoles comes from descriptions of individuals in the baptismal, marriage, and death registers of Catholic churches of Mobile Alabama and New Orleans, two major French outposts on the Gulf Coast.
The earliest entry is a death record in wherein a man was described as the first Creole in the colony.The countries of Latin America have undergone profound demographic changes, which are variously reflected in the decrease in population growth (% in the period from to ) and in population ageing.
This change results . The Population of Latin America and the Caribbean ( - ) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from to The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from to Nov 27, · First, we will discuss the region that is known as Latin America, the determining factors of poverty, the statistics and history of the poverty in Latin America and the future of the poverty in Latin America.
Demography Essay: Study of Human Population Dynamics. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Demography is the study of human population dynamics. Population is shaped by a number of factors including fertility, mortality, migration and urbanization.
and the regions sending migrants have shifted from Europe to Latin America and Asia . "Vanguardism in Latin American Literature: An Annotated Bibliographical Guide, is a selected, qualitative listing focused on the period and including both primary and secondary materials from those years as well as secondary materials since Demographics.
The U.S. census has never asked Americans directly about their religion or religious beliefs, but it did compile statistics from each denomination starting in Finke and Stark conducted a statistical analysis of the official census data after , and Atlas for , to estimate the number of Americans who were adherents to a specific denomination.