What is the difference between Communism and Socialism? By David Floyd Updated January 5, — Communism and socialism are umbrella terms referring to two left-wing schools of economic thought; both oppose capitalism.
Can be reached at parveenkaswan gmail. In a capitalist economy, the political system emphasizes competition for resources as a means of increasing capital or wealth and developing personal success. In a socialist economy, the emphasis is on distributing wealth so that individual needs are met with collective capital.
There are many different versions of both capitalism and socialism, and most modern societies are a blend of the two. Capitalism Individualism and competition are fundamental to capitalism.
In a purely capitalist society, individuals are responsible for protecting their own interests in the marketplace and within their communities.
The potential success of each individual is also valued. People are encouraged to direct their talents in a way that benefits themselves, such as by starting a business or entering a highly profitable profession.
Capitalism relies on a system of checks and balances brought about through competition. Individuals who own capital can compete with others to provide goods and services to the marketplace; those who produce and effectively market goods that are in demand and at a price that Differences between capitalism communism and socialism want to pay are likely to succeed.
Similarly, businesses that treat their workers well and pay good wages are most likely to attract good employees, which is more likely to mean success for the business.
Those who offer inferior service or fail to attract good workers will eventually fail and leave the marketplace. Low taxes are generally a goal of capitalistic governments. In addition, government funding for public services, like social service benefits, is generally kept to a minimum. Health care systems may also be primarily funded by the private sector, requiring citizens to purchase their own health insurance or rely on an employer to provide insurance.
Types of Capitalism When discussed theoretically, capitalism has several unique defining characteristics. In practice, however, nuance has developed and as a result, it can be separated into a variety of types: This type of capitalism leaves all aspects of a society to be governed by the market, with little or no intervention from the government.
Here, the role of the government is limited to protect the lives and property of the citizens. In this type of economy, large, bureaucratic corporations dominate the economy. This allows for long-term planning and efficiency, but less innovation.
Large corporations may also have an equally large influence over the government, leading to legislation designed to protect the interests of those companies.
This economic system is an attempt to balance the benefits of a free-market system with a strong social support structure. While most industries are privately owned, the government is more heavily involved in making sure that competition is fair, unemployment is low, and social welfare is provided for those who need it.
The term is also sometimes used to describe an economy in which the government steps in to protect the interests of businesses. Socialism Socialism relies on governmental planning, rather than the marketplace, to distribute resources.
While it is usually possible for individuals living in a socialist country to own businesses or offer professional services directly to consumers, they are usually taxed heavily on their profits. Public services are typically numerous and funded by taxpayer money.
Citizens are expected to work, but the government provides services such as education, healthcare, and public transportation for free or at very low cost.Nov 11, · Communism Most people have only a vague understanding of the differences between communism and socialism and, incorrectly, these two terms are often used interchangeably.
26 rows · One common trait shared between communism and socialism is the significant absence of . Socialism vs Communism.
Socialism is commonly regarded as an economic system that seeks to achieve equality among members of society. Communism, on the other hand, is both an economic system that seeks equality among members of society and a political ideology that advocates a classless and stateless society and rejects religion.
Communism and socialism are economic and political structures that promote equality and seek to eliminate social classes.
The two are interchangeable in some ways, but different in others. Capitalism is an economic and political system in which individuals own economic resources and industry, whereas under socialism, the state plans and produces goods, and either owns or redistributes resources among its citizens.
What's the difference between Capitalism and Socialism? Capitalism and socialism are somewhat opposing schools of thought in economics. An extreme form of socialism is communism. See also Communism vs. Socialism. Capitalism vs.
Socialism Timeline. - Adam Smith publishes The Wealth of Nations, establishing an economic point .