At the conclusion of his schooling inbleak economic conditions held little promise of a job, and he chose to go west.
Other compelling reasons of work division are the following: Human nature — Men differ in nature, capacity and skill, and gain greatly in dexterity by specialization; b.
Time — The same man cannot be at two places at the same time; and c. Space — The range of knowledge and skill is so great that a man cannot Essay on luther gulick his life-span know more than a small fraction of it.
To illustrate further, a shoe factory having 1, men working on shoe-making have to do these procedures: If each man will do all the procedures alone, there will be pairs of shoes to be produced in one day.
But if the men will be divided to work on each procedure, the number of production will be twice as many in a day. This is because it makes possible the better utilization of the varying skills and aptitudes of the different workmen and encourages the development of specialization.
It also eliminates the time that is lost when a workman turns from a knife, to a punch, to a needle and awl, to a hammer, and moves from table to bench, to anvil to stool. The introduction of machinery accentuates the division of work. Specialized skills are developed not only in connection with machines and tools but also on the nature of materials handled e.
They also arise in activities which center in a complicated series of interrelated concepts, principles, and techniques.
These are most clearly recognized in the professions involving application of scientific knowledge like engineering, medicine, chemistry, law, ministry, teaching, and other fields. The volume of work involve in man-hours.
This is about the working hours of a worker in an organization whether part-time or full-time. The technology and custom at a given time and place.
In a church for example, custody and cleaning is by custom the work of the sexton. The subdivision of work must not pass beyond physical division into organic division. In the case of a cow, you cannot let front half of the body to be in the pasture grazing and the other half in the barn being milked.
However, there is an element of reasoning in a circle that will test whether an activity is organic or not and whether it is divisible or not. An illustration in building a house could be done better through the presence of an architect who will make the plan so that division of labor is properly disseminated to the workers.
In this way, each skilled worker could know what to do and when to do it. It will also reduce spoilage of materials and the time spent in building the house will be reduced.
Letting only one man to do all the work will just be a menace. The more the work is subdivided, the greater is the need of overall supervision and co-ordination. Co-ordination must be won by intelligent, vigorous, persistent and organized effort. By organization — by interrelating the subdivisions of work by allotting them to men who are placed in a structure of authority, so that the work may be co-ordinated by orders of superiors to subordinates, reaching from top to the bottom of the entire enterprise.
By dominance of an idea — this requires the development of intelligent singleness of purpose in the minds and wills of those who are working together as a group, so that each worker will of his own accord fit his task into the whole with skill and enthusiasm.Efficient and Effectiveness as stated by Peter Drucker “Efficiency is doing things right; Effectiveness is doing the right thing.” An organization survives based on the efficiency and effectiveness of a manager/management.
Efficiency is the use of financial, human, physical and information. Luther Halsey Gulick "One of the most remarkable personalities to leave an imprint upon YMCA physical education was Luther Gulick" (Johnson, , 55). Gulick, whose parents were missionaries, was born in Honolulu, Hawaii in 2 Span of Control and Public Organizations: Implementing Luther Gulick’s Research Design Abstract In Gulick’s () classic essay “Notes on the Theory of Organization,” he argued that span of.
Search tool used to locate a specific marriage among those that are maintained by the La Salle County Genealogy Guild. Luther Halsey Gulick physical education and the YMCA.
Luther Halsey Gulick () was an expert and prolific writer on physical education, folk dance education and recreation. In this article Thomas Winter examines his contribution and his work with the YMCA, Campfire Girls and other organizations.
Luther Gulick shared his name with his grandfather, missionary Luther Halsey Gulick Sr. (–), and uncle medical doctor Luther Halsey Gulick Jr. (–). His great-grandfather was an even earlier missionary to the Kingdom of Hawaii, Peter Johnson Gulick (–).