However, to preserve its organizational independence and objective judgment, Internal Audit professional standards indicate the function should not take any direct responsibility for making risk management decisions for the enterprise or managing the risk-management function. This plan is updated at various frequencies in practice. This typically involves review of the various risk assessments performed by the enterprise e. It is designed for identifying audit projects, not to identify, prioritize, and manage risks directly for the enterprise.
Introduction Export pricing is the most important factor in for promoting export and facing international trade competition. It is important for the exporter to keep the prices down keeping in mind all export benefits and expenses.
However, there is no fixed formula for successful export pricing and is differ from exporter to exporter depending upon whether the exporter is a merchant exporter or a manufacturer exporter or exporting through a canalising agency. Like any business transaction, risk is also associated with good to be exported in an overseas market.
Export is risk in international trade is quite different from risks involve in domestic trade. So, it becomes important to all the risks related to export in international trade with an extra measure and with a proper risk management.
The various types of export risks involve in an international trade are as follow: Credit Risk Sometimes because of large distance, it becomes difficult for an exporter to verify the creditworthiness and reputation of an importer or buyer.
Any false buyer can increase the risk of non-payment, late payment or even straightforward fraud. So, it is necessary for an exporter to determine the creditworthiness of the foreign buyer.
An exporter can seek the help of commercial firms that can provide assistance in credit-checking of foreign companies. Poor Quality Risk Exported goods can be rejected by an importer on the basis of poor quality. So it is always recommended to properly check the goods to be exported.
Sometimes buyer or importer raises the quality issue just to put pressure on an exporter in order to try and negotiate a lower price.
So, it is better to allow an inspection procedure by an independent inspection company before shipment. Such an inspection protects both the importer and the exporter.
Inspection is normally done at the request of importer and the costs for the inspection are borne by the importer or it may be negotiated that they be included in the contract price. Alternatively, it may be a good idea to ship one or two samples of the goods being produced to the importer by an international courier company.
The final product produced to the same standards is always difficult to reduce.Credit risk arises from the potential that a borrower or counterparty will fail to perform on an obligation. For most banks, loans are the largest and most obvious source of credit risk.
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