Far from becoming a land of leisure, however, the abundant resources of British America and the ideology of its settlers, brought forth high levels of work. Rodgers argues that this work ethic spread and eventually reigned supreme in colonial America. The ethic was consistent with the American experience, since high returns to effort meant that hard work often yielded significant increases in wealth. In Virginia, authorities also transplanted the Statue of Artificers, which obliged all Englishmen except the gentry to engage in productive activity from sunrise to sunset.
We are going to focus on the period to In Historythe second part is covered. First, what is an Industrial Revolution? Basically, it is the movement from an power to machine power.
Before the Industrial Revolution, goods were made by hand.
After the Industrial Revolution, most goods were made by machines. For example, look at your shoe. Before the Industrial Revolution it would have been made by hand just for you. After the Industrial Revolution, it would be made by machines and cheap labor. Where was your shoe made?
Unless, you buy more expensive shoes than I do, today it is made in another country where cheap labor is more available such as China. Hey, I admit I splurge on my Birkenstocks that are made in Germany.
The point is the Industrial Revolution changed the way things are made and changed the way people lived. Whether that was good or bad is a question for you One of the major factors in the U. Industrial Revolution was inventiveness.
Before the 19th century sthe U. Bythe average was 2, patents each year. Some of the most important inventions included two by Eli Whitney.
Inhe patented the cotton gin that will transform the production of cotton and make it cheaper to produce since it removed the seeds from the cotton. The cotton gin also led to an increase in the demand for slaves to pick and produce the cotton. Whitney also came up with another idea that made the Industrial Revolution possible.
He introduced the idea of interchangeable parts. For example, if you break the steering rod on your car like I did, you don't have to buy a new car.
You just get an interchangeable part. This made the assembly line possible. Every item on the assembly line became interchangeable. Whitney used the rifle as his example. Other important inventions included Elias Howe's sewing machine that transformed the textile industry.
John Deer's steel plow changed agriculture dramatically. Cyrus McCormick's mechanical mower-reeper added to the reinventing of agriculture and meant fewer farmers were needed to produce the same amount of products. Samuel Colt's revolver or repeating pistol changed the war against American Indians and the first model was called "The Texan.
He also co-invented the code. See Final Exam Exericse.
At this time, the appearance of African-American inventors led to major developments. Hundreds of African-Americans received patents in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The first was Henry Blair who invented the corn planter and cotton planter Why would African-Americans become such prolific inventors?Wage workers—a population disproportionately composed of immigrants and poorer Americans—faced low wages, long hours, and dangerous working conditions.
Class conflict developed. Yet many Americans greeted the new arrivals with suspicion or hostility. The Market Revolution: Jacksonian America, – New York: Oxford University. During the Industrial Revolution, companies attempted to maximize the output of their factories by keeping them running as many hours as possible, typically implementing a “sun up to sun down” work day.
Wages were also extremely low, so workers themselves often needed to work these long shifts. The Industrial Revolution, which occurred between and , led to monumental changes in social and employment structures. For the poor class of the Industrial Revolution, bringing home the.
In the long run, the Second Industrial Revolution () created more jobs than it destroyed, but in the short run, the manual worker suffered. Nearly 76 million Americans greeted the new century in Of them, almost one in seven had been born in a foreign country.
(a wages and hours bill) in Industries involved in. As the Industrial Revolution developed through the eighteenth and Factory owners paid children extremely low wages percent of adult males’ wages-for long hours and often difficult work.
As concerns about the welfare of children rose . What was the effect of the industrial revolution on factory workers? These workers could be hired for lower wages than men. These low-paid employees had to work for as long as 16 hours a day; they were subjected to pressure, and even physical punishment, in an effort to make them speed up production.
Workers were given cheap rent in.