Despite the efforts of government aimed at efficient distribution of petroleum products; the problems of inadequate and uneven distribution among others still threaten the marketing of petroleum products today in the country. As a result, these problems gave birth to independent marketers that served as a panacea to the prevalent economic situation occasioned by inadequacy in petroleum products distribution in the country. Inadequate marketers therefore were granted rights to be involved in the industry as to bridge the gap created by distribution logistics, to ameliorate the sufferings of Nigerians. Entry of independent marketers became welcomed and justified, in the oil industry.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s.
She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word niger is Latin for black.
More than ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home. The three largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo pronounced ee-bo. Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic groups had separate and independent histories.
Their grouping together into a single entity known as Nigeria was a construct of their British colonizers. These various ethnic groups never considered themselves part of the same culture. This general lack of Nigerian nationalism coupled with an ever-changing and often ethnically biased national leadership, have led to severe internal ethnic conflicts and a civil war.
Today bloody confrontations between or among members of different ethnic groups continue. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator.
It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. Nigeria covers an area ofsquare milessquare kilometersor about twice the size of California. Nigeria has three main environmental regions: These environmental regions greatly affect the cultures of the people who live there.
The dry, open grasslands of the savanna make cereal farming and herding a way of life for the Hausa and the Fulani. The wet tropical forests to the south are good for farming fruits and vegetables—main income producers for the Yoruba, Igbo, and others in this area. The small ethnic groups living along the coast, such as the Ijaw and the Kalabari, are forced to keep their villages small due to lack of dry land.
Living among creeks, lagoons, and salt marshes makes fishing and the salt trade part of everyday life in the area. The Niger and Benue Rivers come together in the center of the country, creating a "Y" that splits Nigeria into three separate sections.
In general, this "Y" marks the boundaries of the three major ethnic groups, with the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo in the southeast. Politically, Nigeria is divided into thirty-six states.
The nation's capital was moved from Lagos, the country's largest city, to Abuja on 12 December Abuja is in a federal territory that is not part of any state. While Abuja is the official capital, its lack of adequate infrastructure means that Lagos remains the financial, commercial, and diplomatic center of the country.
Nigeria has the largest population of any African country. In JulyNigeria's population was estimated at more than million people. At about people per square mile, it is also the most densely populated country in Africa.
Nearly one in six Africans is a Nigerian. The Nigerian population is very young. Nearly 45 percent of its people are under age fourteen. With regard to ethnic breakdown, the Hausa-Fulani make up 29 percent of the population, followed by the Yoruba with 21 percent, the Igbo with Nigeria 18 percent, the Ijaw with 10 percent, the Kanuri with 4 percent, the Ibibio with 3.
English is the official language of Nigeria, used in all government interactions and in state-run schools.The Dirac quote you remember may be this one: [In the early days of quantum mechanics it was a good description to say that it was a game, a very interesting game one could play.
Poor Reading Habits Among Nigerians: The Role of Libraries A. J. Aina Lagos State University, [email protected] J.
I. Ogungbeni Poor Reading Culture The way of life of a nation is influenced by the percentage of its citizen who are literate. Cuba, for example, is adjacent to the US and has the highest rate of. Why 30% Nigerians have poor reading culture – Ibitola Adebayo. among other things, and that over 30 million Nigerians have poor reading skills.
While in many universities, most students. Apr 02, · Poor reading culture among the youths and student has been identified as one of the focus responsible for the high rate of failure being recorded by students in .
Introduction. Nigeria is one of the largest (, km2) and geographically, socially and culturally most diversified African countries.
It is the most populous country of Africa (the population estimated at million in ), and potentially one of the richest. Such is the height of the message the current Nigerian society aims to send which of course is the poor reading culture among Nigerians.
Being currently presided over by a president whose SSCE result and educational pedigree is questionable hasn’t helped matters either.