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By Nikki GrafAnna Brown and Eileen Patten The gender gap in pay has narrowed sincebut it has remained relatively stable over the past 15 years or so. Based on this estimate, it would take an extra 47 days of work for women to earn what men did in

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Men think women are doing better than they really are When it comes to how women and men see the state of women and gender diversity efforts, there are striking differences. Men are more likely to think the workplace is equitable; women see a workplace that is less fair and offers less support.

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Men think their companies are doing a pretty good job supporting diversity; women see more room for improvement. By the Numbers Women and men see the workplace very differently Women are less likely to think they have an opportunity to advance. A much smaller but still significant number of women agree: Women Research work the glass ceiling early At the first critical step up to manager, women are 18 percent less likely to be promoted than their male peers.

This gender disparity has a dramatic effect on the representation of women: Men are more likely to say they get what they want without having to ask Women of all races and ethnicities negotiate for raises and promotions at rates comparable to their male counterparts.

However, men are more likely to say they have not asked for a raise because they are already well compensated or a promotion because they are already in the right role. Similarly, women are less likely to interact regularly with senior leaders, yet employees who do are more likely to aspire to be top executives.

However, when you look at ambition by race and ethnicity, both women and men of color are more interested in becoming a top executive than white women and men. Men are less committed to gender diversity efforts Men are less likely to say gender diversity is a top personal priority and point to concern over de-emphasizing individual performance as the primary reason.

Some men even feel that gender diversity efforts disadvantage them: Many women still work a double shift On average, 54 percent of women do all or most of the household work, compared to 22 percent of men. This gap grows when couples have children. Women with a partner and children are 5.

Even when women are primary breadwinners, they do more work at home. It is also critical that companies address the distinct barriers women of color face and get sufficient buy-in from men.The entry of competing bike-sharing platforms in Chinese cities expanded the market for incumbent platforms, boosting total number of trips but also allowing incumbents to achieve higher revenue per trip, improve bike utilization rates, and form a wider and more evenly distributed network, research by Guangyu Cao, Ginger Zhe Jin, and Li-An Zhou shows.

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