Perhaps as many as a million people died, many more were wounded, and millions were made refugees.
First, it was inordinately protracted, lasting longer than either world war, essentially because Iran did not want to end it, while Iraq could not.
Second, it was sharply asymmetrical in the means employed by each side, because though both sides exported oil and purchased military imports throughout, Iraq was further subsidized and supported by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, allowing it to acquire advanced weapons and expertise on a much larger scale than Iran.
Third, it included three modes of warfare absent in all previous wars since When Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq, quite deliberately started the war, he miscalculated on two counts: Had Iran been given ample warning, it would have mobilized its forces to defend its borderlands; that would have made the Iraqi invasion much more difficult, but in the process the bulk of Iranian forces might have been defeated, possibly forcing Iran to accept a cease-fire on Iraqi terms.
As it was, the initial Iraqi offensive thrusts landed in the void, encountering only weak border units before reaching their logistical limits. At that point, Iran had only just started to mobilize in earnest. From then on, until the final months of the war eight years later, Iraq was forced on the strategic defensive, having to face periodic Iranian offensives on one sector or another, year after year.
But Iran rejected a cease-fire, demanding the removal of Saddam Hussein and compensation for war damage. But revolutionary Iran was very limited in its tactically offensive means.
Cut off from U. Having long conserved its forces and shifted to all-mechanized configurations to circumvent the reluctance of its troops to face enemy fire, Iraq attacked on a large scale in April The end came on July 18, when Iran accepted UN Resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire, though minor Iraqi attacks continued for a few more days after the truce came into effect on July 20, Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker.As for Iraq it is time that some one did a serious study of the inner motives of the United States and Great Britain.
When the Great Shah was packed off from Iran, America was very keen to bring him back as it had done once successfully. The return of Khomeini was most astounding to the West.
There’s been a lot of talk in the media lately about “self regulation.” Despite broad support from the business community and a large number of our learned legislators, can it be possible that the contraction is a dangerous contradiction?
The war between Iran and Iraq was one of the great human tragedies of recent Middle Eastern caninariojana.coms as many as a million people died, many more were wounded, and millions were made refugees. The resources wasted on the war exceeded what the entire Third World spent on public health in a decade..
For decades, Iraq was under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein. After the terrible war of attrition with Iran in the s (started by Iraq), Iraq. Jun 22, · But what of the other "sons of Iraq," namely, the thousands of young men from around the Middle East, South Asia, and Europe radicalized by the Iraq invasion and fed a steady stream of images of U.S.
occupation by satellite television channels such as Al Jazeera?
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— Library Journal (starred review) American travel writing at its most generous and intrepid. —Adam Kirsch A nuanced appreciation .